3D Laser Scanning Services and Digital Twin Concepts for Aircraft Construction
Spotlighting the Eitec Project
Eitec was offered a project to develop the concept that will be used for Airbus component assembly, which will help to enhance automation and reduce the overall lead time. Varying digital twins and 3D laser scanning services technologies were used to achieve the set construction goals.
The “Eitec” project involved using different forms of digital twins. The CFRP fuselage structures demand precision, especially during assembly. It’s worth noting that the CFRP components are usually manufactured economically. Moreover, they are never identical. The CFRP’s elastic deformation requirements can lead to component residual stress.
The Eitec project involved finding a way of reducing residual stress through automated control in the assembly process.
3D scanning services and digital twin technologies were used to achieve this goal. This entailed creating a digital twin of the specific component. Besides, the assembly system has a specific digital twin that models it. The twin was used to automate assembly with accurate and predictive simulation throughout each step of the assembly process.
Digital Twin Communicated with Reality
Nine hexapods, each fitted with their own sensors, controls, and drives, are mounted to the supporting structure. Through 3D laser scanning services, data is collected from the respective sensors. Each mounted hexapod must coordinate with adjacent hexapods to help components and lower residual stress values.
Every positioning unit uses 3D laser scans and a digital twin to process sensor data. It then determines the corresponding accurate positions. Communication is also maintained with the component’s digital twin to determine the actual positions using a connected measuring system. Information about the new target positions is then transmitted to the positioning unit, which coordinates the assembly process.
Incorporating 3D Laser Scanning Services & Digital Twin Technologies Into SMEs
The model structure makes it easy to develop a manageable abstract and later increases the level of detail in accordance with the project’s requirements. The features of 3D laser scanning make them quite applicable to small machine and plant builders. They also allow for prompt implementation. Ideally, it makes it possible to start small and grow exponentially.
Generally, the learning curve in implementing and using digital twins requires individuals to start small and start now. This should be the guiding principle in adopting digital twin technology in modern projects. However, the transformation process can be quickly set in motion through small steps in the right direction. Continuity and courage are decisive.