3D part duplication
Scan any object and get a file for 3d printing
If your project involves duplicating an existing part and 3d printing another one, we can help. We can capture a 3D scan of the part, create a 3D print file and modify it if needed. You can blow things up, shrink things down, add or change features, the sky is the limit.
Do You need a 3D file created?
If you don’t have a 3D file already, it is no problem. Our in-house reverse engineering team can create them. for you.
Do You need something very large?
If you need to print an 8-foot turbine blade or an airplane fuselage, we’re the ones to call. In fact we can scale any digital model to any size you want.
Do you have nee for an unusual material?
There are many materials available for 3D printing, so many that it is hard to keep track of these days. If we don’t have it, we know where to get it. If you aren’t sure which one is best for your application, we’ll be glad to help you figure it out.
Do You just want a helping hand?
We love supporting our customers to accomplish their goals using 3D scanning and 3D printing. You’ll pay a little more than if you “do it yourself”, but with Arrival 3D customers, money is usually not the only consideration. We have assisted customers on many successful projects including:
- Fully functional solid prototypes for testing
- Miniatures and souvenir items for promotions or trade shows
- Patterns to be used in a molding process
- Enclosures and Cases for small volume electronic devices
- Lenses and translucent parts
- Jewelry such as and amulets, earrings and rings
- Sculptures and artistic works
- Replacement gear for an old slot machine
- Art deco patterns for lost wax casting
- Drone copter blades
- And many more!
contact us to Get Started today!
What if you have never used 3D printing services before?
While it may seem intimidating at first, in fact many of our new customers are new to 3D printing services. Technical knowledge about 3D printing is not a prerequisite! There are really only a few things you need to get started. You need to have a clear idea what you want to achieve, a little bit of money and a digital 3D model file. If you don’t have a digital file, we can create one for you. STL is the format used by most 3D printers, but we can accept other formats and convert it for you in most cases. There are a variety of ways to create a digital 3D model file:
3D Printing service Options
There are many options available to you when ordering a 3D-printed part:
Based on your requirements, we can recommend the best 3d printing service technology to achieve your goals in an economical way. We can also provide information on material properties (strength, heat tolerance, etc) and brochures with material spec sheets.
If have your own printer and just need help preparing the STL file, we would be glad to support you in that way. Click here for more information on STL File Preparation for 3D Printing.
We have highly experienced CAD modelers who can model any object that you are wanting to 3D print. We can also capture the shape of any object that you send us using our expert 3D Scanning Services.
Call today to find out how we can print 3D objects for your business.
3D Printing processes
The terms 3D Printing Services & Additive Manufacturing encompass several manufacturing processes and can produce items from myriad material options.
To simplify matters, the ISO/ASTM 52900 Standard was created in 2015 with the aim of standardizing terms & classifying the various types of 3D
Printing technologies. Each technology and material choice has distinct properties and each has well defined “design guidelines” to ensure successful
results. It’s important to understand your desired outcome and intended application.
3D Printing Materials
There are many material options available for 3D printing services and many more compelling options under development. These materials offer diverse
physical characteristics for applications ranging from low cost form studies through limited production & highly structural components. Resins can
feature a wide range of properties from soft/hard through elastic. These formulations can incorporate materials like glass, ceramic or wood, and
incorporate mechanical properties like high heat or impact resistance. In metal 3D printing services, at this time, metals/alloys with strongly ferromagnetic
properties are not available. Like most plastics components manufactured via traditional processes, plastics utilized in 3D printing services are susceptible to
degradation from UV exposure over time.
multi-material 3d printing
Already, multi-material & multi-color 3D printing services are available to us in the form of Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) devices, although at this time desktop printers remain somewhat limited overall in respect of material properties and scale. On an industrial level multi-material 3D Printing is developing rapidly due to increased interest from manufacturers focussed upon rheology (solids under conditions in which they respond with plastic flow rather than deforming elastically in response to an applied force), superior mechanical properties, and various thermal ranges.
Multi-material 3D printing services heralds entirely new horizons to the future capabilities of 3D Manufacturing technologies. The ability to be able ability to beable to produce items featuring plastic, rubberized/elastic (flexible) and possibly metallic properties simultaneously in one manufacturing process is fascinating.
Traditional manufacturing methods present distinct limitations to the simultaneous multi-material production of components. 3D Printing also (Additive
Manufacturing) presents challenges in respect of manufacturing speed/volume, energy usage and recycling. However, one compelling development
cannot be ignored: The manufacture of components using several materials simultaneously is a key capability of 3D printing services that could leverage its
potential well beyond that of other current manufacturing methods. Combined with concurrent developments like the lightweighting benefits of
generative design, multi-material 3D Printing becomes a very powerful proposition. Multi-material 3D Printing can reduce component count for a given
design, reduce post processing stages & assembly requirements and promote overall efficiencies in the design of multifunctional objects.
3D Printing services & Additive Manufacturing Processes Overview
The processes associated with 3D Printing Services (Additive Manufacturing) have evolved into a number of successful formats, each suited to a variety of
|3D Printing Process||3D Printing Technology|
|Vat Polymerization||Stereolithography SLA
Digital Light Processing (DLP
|Material Extrusion||Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)|
|Powder Bed Fusion (polymers)||Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)|
|Powder Bed Fusion (Metals)||Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS)
Electron Beam Melting (EBM)
|Material Jetting||Meterial Jetting (MJ)
Drop on Demand (DOD)
|Binder Jetting||Sand Binder Jetting
Metal Binder Jetting
Vat Polymerization: (Stereolithography (SLA), Direct Light Processing (DLP)
Stereolithography was developed by Dr. Hideo Kodama and it was first patented in 1986. SLA is recognized as the first 3D Printing process and it remains a very important process today.
Vat polymerization is a process in which photo-polymer resin is selectively cured within a vat by a light source. There are variations on this theme, the most well known forms being Stereolithography (SLA) and Digital Light Processing (DLP). SLA and DLP resin 3D Printers are utilized for high-accuracy, highly uniform production in a wide range of materials with high resolution and fine finish. The costs associated with these technologies are becoming increasingly affordable over time.
SLA and DLP 3D printers are very similar in operation, the principal difference being the curing light source employed. SLA 3D Printers use a Solid
State Laser which cures resin upon a moving build platform within a resin tank on a point by point basis. DLP Printers utilize a digital projector screen
to flash an image of a layer across the entire platform, curing all points simultaneously. The 3D image projection via DLP is composed of square pixels
called voxels. Once a layer is completed, the platform within the vat moves a layer thickness, typically 25 to 100 microns (in the Z axis), and a
subsequent layer is solidified by the laser. This continues until the entire object is completed and the platform can be raised out of the vat for removal
of excess resin. Some functional materials like engineering or biocompatible parts also require post-curing. Both SLA and DLP resin 3D printers are
among the most accurate and precise 3D printing processes.
Print speeds for SLA & DLP are somewhat comparable, but DLP is faster for larger parts because the DLP Projector “flash” hardens an entire layer in
one step. The most recent development in this technology is Low Force Stereolithography (LFS). LFS 3D printing reduces the forces exerted on parts during the
print process, and delivers even greater definition and surface finish while lower print forces enable lighter, and more easily removed, support
structures. Both SLA & DLP are especially useful for certain types of parts because the process is not limited by requirements such as draft angles and undercuts
that define part design by traditional processes. As a result, parts which might previously have been assembled from 2 or 3 pieces can be produced in
one, saving weight & increasing strength.
|SLA / DLP Materials||Photopolymer Thermoset Resin: Standard, Transparent, Flexible, Castable, High Temperature, Dental.|
|Dimensional Accuracy||Desktop Printers: ± 0.5% (lower limit: ± 0.10 mm) Industrial Printers: ± 0.15% (lower limit: ± 0.01 mm)|
|Build Size||Desktop Printers: Up to 145 x 145 x 175 mm
Industrial Printers: Up to 1500 x 750 x 500 mm
|Characteristics||SLA/DLP 3D printing is known for fine features, smooth surface finish, part precision, and accuracy.|
|Common Applications||Prototypes for form/fit & functional testing, including snap fit. Master patterns, Investment casting patterns,
Injection molds/direct tooling and Wind tunnel testing models.
|Benefits||High accuracy, intricate detail parts.
Smooth surface finish.
Various resins including clear, flexible & castable.
|Limitations||Generally brittle parts, not suited for functional prototypes.
Susceptible to UV degradation.
Support structures required. SLA/DLP parts often warp.
Post curing of resins is often required, enhancing layer adhesion and increasing both strength & brittleness.
Material Extrusion: Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) or Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF)
Material extrusion is the most widely used, inexpensive & accessible form of 3D Printing. The process, referred to as Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) or Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF), feeds plastic filament into a heated printhead where it’s melted & extruded in predetermined paths onto a print bed. Thermoplastic filaments are supplied on spools. Typical layer height used in FDM varies between 50 and 400 microns and, layer by layer, a component is formed. Various structural properties can be achieved per the plastic filaments chosen but key to structural integrity in larger parts is “line adhesion”. Line adhesion reflects the degree of melt adhesion of new filament onto existing printed filament and can be affected by the print head capabilities, heated print beds, and the environment temperature. Support structures are sometimes required if a design has, for example, overhanging elements. Components produced via this process have a distinct contoured appearance due to the filament process.
|FDM / FFF Materials||Polymer Thermoplastic, PLA and ABS are the two most common FDM materials. Other materials include
Nylon, PETG, TPU and PEI.
|Dimensional Accuracy||Desktop Printers: ± 0.5% (lower limit: ± 0.5 mm) Industrial Printers: ± 0.15% (lower limit: ± 0.2 mm)|
|Build Size||Desktop Printers: 200 x 200 x 200 mm
Industrial Printers: 1000 x 1000 x 1000 mm
|Characteristics||FDM 3D printing is known for rapid turnaround availability, strength and the capability for larger printed parts.|
|Common Applications||Concept models & durable prototypes resistant to mechanical, chemical & thermal stresses.|
|Benefits||Cost effective means of producing thermoplastic parts & prototypes.
Wide range of material properties can be specified.
|Limitations||Low dimensional accuracy
Visible, contoured layers.
Parts can be subject to warping during the print process.
Most FDM plastics are susceptible to UV degradation.
Powder Bed Fusion (Polymers): Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)
Polymer powder is first heated in a bin to near melting point. This powder is then swept across a build platform in a very thin layer (typically 100-120 microns) where it is exposed to a C02 Laser which sinters & solidifies a cross section of the component. At this point the build platform moves downward by one layer thickness and the process is repeated layer by layer until a complete part is formed. The excess powder, not solidified by the sintering process, serves as the support structure. The process is very useful for certain types of parts because this process is not limited by the draft angles and undercuts which define part design by traditional processes.
Powder Bed Fusion is a 3D Printing process which utilizes a thermal light source to selectively fuse powdered particles in a bed to progressively create a solid component. This process, which uses Polymer powder, is called Selective Laser sintering (SLS).
|SLS Materials||Thermoplastic Powder. Polyamide, Aluminum filled Nylon, Glass filled Nylon, Carbon Fiber filled Nylon|
|Dimensional Accuracy||± 0.3% (lower limit of ± 0.3 mm)|
|Build Size||300 x 300 x 300 mm through 750 x 550 x 550 mm|
|Characteristics||High accuracy with good, consistent mechanical properties.
Excellent layer adhesion.
Sintered parts, by nature, are about 30% porous. (Not food safe)
|Common Applications||Prototyping of functional polymer components including complex ducting (hollow designs)|
|Benefits||No support structures required, the unsintered powder bed serves as support during printing.
Well suited to small to medium batch production.
Generally isotropic part properties.
|Limitations||Longer lead times than SLA or FDM.
Unsintered SLS powder is only 50% recyclable.
Grainy surface finish requires post processing as required.
Parts can be subject to warping during the print process.
Powder Bed Fusion (Metals): Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS), Selective Laser Melting (SLM), Electron Beam Melting (EBM)
Metal Powder Bed Fusion, or “Metal 3D Printing”, is similar to SLS but is adapted to the fusing of metal instead of polymer powders, one layer at a time until a part is created. Each process utilizes a means to introduce a new powdered layer upon the previous but the primary difference between DMLS, SLM and EBM is the means of fusing the powder via targeted heat source.
SLM uses single metal powders of a consistent melting point and fully melts & fuses the particles. DLMS uses alloys of differing melting points that fuse on a molecular level at an elevated temperature. The primary structural difference between the two being density and porosity. Due to the inherently high temperatures applied layer upon layer, methods by which to minimize distortion are utilized including support structures and post processing heat treatment to relieve stresses within the component. Typical layer thickness is 20 – 50 μm. Both SLM and DMLS create dense metal engineering usable parts.
EBM employs a high energy beam to generate fusion between metal particles layer by layer until a part is created, and it is faster than both SLM and DMLS because of its higher energy output. EBM also differs from SLM and DMLS because the process must operate within a vacuum and the metal powder must be conductive.
|DMLS / SLM / EBM Materials||Metal Powder; Stainless and tool steel, Aluminum & Titanium alloys, Cobalt/Chrome & Nickel superalloys and
|Dimensional Accuracy||±0.1 mm|
|Build Size||250 x 150 x 150 mm (up to up to 500 x 280 x 360 mm)|
|Characteristics||Metal printed parts have high strength and hardness.
Complex geometries that traditional processes cannot produce
|Common Applications||Functional metal parts for aerospace & automotive and medical & dental applications|
|Benefits||Strongest, functional parts; Complex geometries
SLM and DMLS excess powder is recyclable with typically less than 5% waste
|Limitations||Small build sizes; Highest price point of all 3D Print technologies.
SLM and DMLS required support structures are not recyclable and drive up costs.
Material Jetting: Drop on Demand (DOD)
Material Jetting is a 3D printing process in which photo-polymer resin, or wax, droplets are selectively cured upon a build plate by a light source. The droplets are deposited in predetermined positions to form a cross section, then cured and the process repeated, layer by layer, until an object takes form. This process lends itself easily to multi-material & multi-color 3D Printing.
The Material Jetting (MJ) process is similar to inkjet printer technology and, while an inkjet printer deposits a single layer of ink, a material jetting device deposits droplets of photopolymer, cured via UV light, layer by layer in order to create a solid part. After each layer is cured, the build platform drops downwards one layer thickness and the process is repeated. Typical layer height used in Material Jetting is 16 – 32 microns. This form of 3D Printing technology operates with rapid, linear deposits of material and is capable of producing multiple models at a comparatively rapid pace. The nature of the process dictates that support structures must be incorporated into 3D Printing which are dissolved post process.
Drop on Demand (DOD) 3D Printing differs from Material Jetting in that it deposits build material and dissolvable support material simultaneously, and deposits material in a point by point manner, more typical of other types of 3D Printing technologies. DOD printers are typically utilized to create molds suited to lost wax or investment casting applications.
|MJ & DOD Materials||Polymer Thermoset Resins. Flexible, Castable, High Temperature, Transparent, Medical Grade|
|Dimensional Accuracy||± 0.1% (lower limit of ± 0.05 mm)|
|Build Size||380 x 250 x 200 mm (up to 1000 x 800 x 500 mm)|
Smooth surfaces comparable to injection molded components.
Multi-material and multi-color capable.
Higher cost than SLA/DLP for visual purposes
|Common Applications||Well suited to accurate full color visual prototypes.
Injection mold-like prototypes.
|Benefits||Can be employed for tooling and injection molds.
Capable of large parts.
|Limitations||Poor mechanical properties so not suited to working prototypes.
Susceptible to UV degradation.
Binder Jetting (BJ)
Binder Jetting is a 3D Printing process where a powder bed of material is selectively bonded via a liquid bonding agent. The process lends itself to materials including metals, sand & ceramics and can accommodate full-color sand through low cost 3D Printed metal parts. Print heads similar to those employed in 2D printers sweep a layer of powder and deposit photosensitive binder droplets which cure via UV light over time until, layer by layer, a component is formed. Once curing is complete, the component is removed from the powder bed and excess powder is removed with compressed air. The process is similar to SLS however utilizing a binder agent instead of heat fusion reduces cost. Binder Jetting enables high dimensional accuracy & complex geometries combined with a smooth surface finish at relatively low cost. The parts are strong and the process allows for multi-material printing in a wide array of materials including metals, plastic transparent and rubberized options.
Sand Binder Jetting devices enable low cost options for full color sandstone & gypsum printing as well as sand cast molds and cores. After cleaning
the parts are typically ready for use with no post processing necessary. Additional strength can be achieved with an infiltrant and colors can be
enhanced via special coatings. Sand Binder Jetting is especially useful in the foundry business where complex part geometries enable component
reduction at the design level combined with dimensional accuracy and low cost.
Metal Binder Jetting differs from Sand Binder Jetting in that to achieve functional strength, metal powder bonded via a polymer binding agent is cured
via a secondary process such as infiltration or sintering. Metal powder bound via polymer binding agent creates a solidified, but fragile, part referred to
as a “Green State” component. Post-processing steps required to imbue metal parts with mechanical strength include sintering or infiltration with a low
melting point metal such as bronze.
The primary benefits of this process are the complex geometries possible in comparison to traditional methods. These complex shape capabilities
serve to reduce component count at the design level which aids in reducing weight while increasing strength in many cases. These benefits alone
make the process viable for many applications.
|Binder Jetting (BJ) Materials||Sand or metal powder: Aluminum, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Bronze, Sand (Full Color), Silica (Sand Casting)|
|Dimensional Accuracy||Metal: ± 2% or 0.2 mm (down to ± 0.5% or ± 0.05)
Full-color: ± 0.3 mm
Sand: ± 0.3 mm
|Build Size||Up to 2200 x 1200 x 600 mm, generally for sand casting applications.
Due to post-processing, metal parts are recommended to be no longer than 50mm.
|Characteristics||Complex geometries at low cost.|
|Common Applications||Functional metal parts, Full-color Sand Models, Sand Casting Molds.|
|Benefits||Low-cost; Suited to low to medium batch production.; Functional metal parts.
Metal Binder Jetting is up to 10x more economical than other metal 3D printing processes (DMSL/SLM).
No support structures required.
Metal part warping minimized during room temperature printing, but can occur during post processing.
|Limitations||Mechanical properties of metal Binder Jetting are not as good as metal Powder Bed Fusion.|
large Format 3D printing
Capabilities for large format 3D Printing services are developing fast with various approaches to realization of projects in a variety of materials. In a very competitive space developers including Norsk Titanium, ExOne, Voxeljet, D-shape and mony more are creating large format 3D Printers based upon Material Extrusion, Fused Filament Fabrication, Direct Metal Laser Sintering, Binder Jetting and Direct Metal Deposition. It will take time to see which of these processes proves most effective and the breadth and scope of projects under development is compelling.
For all your 3D printing services needs, call Arrival 3D!
3d printing services Gallery
Here are some examples of parts that people are creating using 3D printing services:
People are innovating in America and are using 3d printing services technology to create new products and opportunities. We look forward to learning about your project and giving you a competitive advantage using 3D technology such as 3D printing and 3D scanning.